From IEEE Spectrum Oct 2013 (Chop-shop electronic)
On 17 August 2011, Boeing warned the U.S Navy that an ice-detection module in the P-8A Poseidon, a new reconnaissance aircraft, contained a “reworked part that should not have been put on the air-plane originally an should be replaced immediately. “In a message marked “Priority:Critical,” the company blamed the part, a Xillinx field-programmable gate array (FPGA), for the failure of the ice-detection module during test flight.
In the next paragraph stated,
The trouble occured somewher in the supply chain upstream from BAE, which wound through companies in California, Florida, Japan, and China. However, retracing that FPGA’s path lead not to Xillinx but to a Chinese company called A Access Electronics. It apparently had turned a quick profit by selling used Xillinx part as new. BAE ended up purchasing about 300 suspect FPGAs, many of them untested. Fortunately, most had not yet been installed on planes.
note from me:
Counterfeiting is always dangerous. that’s way business ethic shall be reminded over and over. The risk of quick profit is always people’s safety. Factories who counterfeiting product are similar with terrorism. It creates worries and uncertainties. Extra energy for being vigilant. Is China master of counterfeiting? Then why many big factories/brands open their factory at china? and then worsening their own product’s image?